It was driven by the sultanates of the Middle East. African slaves ended up as sailors in Persia, pearl divers in the Gulf, soldiers in the Omani army and workers on the salt pans of Mesopotamia modern Iraq. Many people were domestic slaves, working in rich households. Women were taken as sex slaves. Arab traders began to settle among the Africans of the coast, resulting in the emergence of a people and culture known as Swahili.
East Africa's forgotten slave trade
Arab slave trade - Wikipedia
Sexual slavery and sexual exploitation is attaching the right of ownership over one or more people with the intent of coercing or otherwise forcing them to engage in sexual activities. Sexual slavery may also involve single-owner sexual slavery ; ritual slavery , sometimes associated with certain religious practices, such as ritual servitude in Ghana , Togo and Benin ; slavery for primarily non-sexual purposes but where non-consensual sexual activity is common; or forced prostitution. Concubinage was a traditional form of sexual slavery in many cultures, in which women spent their lives in sexual servitude. In some cultures, concubines and their children had distinct rights and legitimate social positions. The Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action calls for an international effort to make people aware of sexual slavery, sexual slavery is an abuse of human rights.
Arab slave trade
The trade was conducted through slave markets in these areas, with the slaves captured mostly from Africa's interior,  Southern and Eastern Europe,    the Caucasus , and Central Asia. Walter Rodney argues that the term Arab Slave Trade is a historical misnomer since bilateral trade agreements between myriad ethnic groups across the proposed ' Zanj trade network' characterized much of the acquisition process of chattel , and more often than not indentured servants. Others have also proposed the Trans-Saharan slave trade. The East African slave trade network was later dominated by European colonial traders by the 18th and 19th centuries, when the destinations of most East African slaves were plantation colonies owned by Europeans. The Arab slave trade, across the Sahara desert and across the Indian Ocean , began after Muslim Arab and Swahili traders won control of the Swahili Coast and sea routes during the 9th century see Sultanate of Zanzibar.
The global trade in human flesh is bigger today than at any time in history. Saudi Arabia is a destination country for men and women trafficked for the purposes of involuntary servitude and commercial sexual exploitation. She said dozens of women were being held in a large room, and it was not only Iraqis and Syrians trading women but also Saudis and Westerners, whose actual nationality was not clear. Men and women from Bangladesh, India, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Pakistan, the Philippines, Indonesia, Sudan, Ethiopia, and many other countries voluntarily travel to Saudi Arabia as domestic servants or other low-skilled laborers, but find themselves as slaves with restrictions on movement, withholding of passports, threats, physical or sexual abuse, and non-payment of wages.